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Rain Rot 101: Addressing Questions and Misconceptions About Horse Rain Rot

What is Rain Rot?

Dermatophilosis, often referred to as horse rain rot or rain scald, is a common skin infection that can lead to your horse developing scabs on its skin. While most prevalent where there is high humidity, any place with an abundance of rainfall can create an increased likelihood of infection.

These scabs or lesions form as patches along your horse's skin, mostly found on the top line. However, they can also be found on the rump, face, or legs. Often, these scabs are clumped with the horse's hair, so peeling them off can leave bald patches in their place. In this article, we'll go over what causes rain rot, some differences between rain rot and other skin conditions, what might happen if rain rot goes untreated, and what is the best treatment for rain rot in horses.

What are Some of the Causes of Horse Rain Rot?

Rain rot is an infection that is caused by a bacterium known as Dermatophilus congolensis. This bacterium lives on the horse's skin and is mostly dormant. However, when the horse is exposed to damp or wet conditions, the bacterium can react with the skin, causing an infection that results in scabs on the horse. While all horses can be affected by rain rot, there have been some positive correlations between lighter coats and higher risks of rain rot. Similarly, young and old horses whose immune systems are weaker than others’ can also be more susceptible 1.

The best way to prevent rain rot from developing is to try to minimize both the length of time the horse remains in these humid or wet situations and the horse’s exposure to insects that bite. Trainers should also keep horses’ immunizations current to help keep bacteria dormant.

Rain Rot vs. Dew Poisoning in Horses: What's the Difference?

Dew poisoning is often confused with horse rain rot because the two conditions share similar symptoms. They both cause larger patches of scabbing along the horse's skin, and both are caused by excessive humidity and moisture. The most significant difference between these two is that while horse rain rot forms in large parts at the topline or rump of the horse, dew poisoning form on the horse's heels and pasterns. Dew poisoning in horses can be especially troublesome in areas where there may be tall wet grass or mud. Both infections are caused by the same bacterium.

What Can Horse Rain Rot Lead To?

If rain rot is in its first stages, it may only be characterized by dry, flaky skin and clumps of loose hair. In this case, grooming the areas affected to remove any scabs and giving the horse an antimicrobial bath may be the only equine rain rot management necessary. Left untreated, this can lead to bleeding lesions. It's important to try to spot horse rain rot as quickly as possible to avoid larger areas being compromised. Rain rot is not just limited to horses. If you notice any signs of potential rain rot or dew poisoning, it's crucial to isolate your horse or other animal as quickly as possible since they're contagious for both animals and humans. For this reason, it's also important to wash any brushes, buckets, or blankets that had contact with the infected horse.

Clireon Can Help You Manage Your Horses Wound and Skin Irritations

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8 of the Most Common Dog Skin Conditions

8 of the Most Common Dog Skin Conditions

Dog skin conditions can cause extreme discomfort for your pet, so it’s important to pay close attention to any dog skin problems that may cause them to suffer. If you notice your dog always itches after eating, around the same time every year, or when you dust and clean the house, you can use this information to help you understand the cause. This article will go over some of the most common skin conditions in dogs and how you can help ease your pet's suffering.

Dog Skin Problems Symptoms

When they have dry skin, dogs usually have an underlying condition that can be treated. Do you see sores and red spots on your dog's skin? White flakes? Is your pet constantly licking, chewing, or scratching? If so, your furry friend likely has canine skin conditions. Rashes, lumps, bumps, and hair loss are other indicators of skin problems in dogs. Keep reading to learn about the most prevalent dog skin conditions and how you can soothe them naturally.

1. Hotspots

Hotspots (acute moist dermatitis) are among the most common and frustrating dog skin conditions because there is no cure. The inflamed red spots on dog skin can feel hot to the touch and are miserable for the affected animal. You can manage hot spots to help avoid infections in the skin that could lead to more serious issues.

2. Allergies

Both environmental and food-related allergies can cause itching and other dog skin problems.

Environmental Allergies

Environmental allergies usually present themselves suddenly — when the dog is exposed to the allergen. While humans experience sneezing and watery eyes from environmental allergies, dogs develop canine skin conditions such as irritated, dry, itchy skin.

Food Allergies

Food allergies can also cause skin problems in dogs and can be congenital or develop later in life. You'll notice itching around the face, ears, feet, and rear. The allergy can be caused by specific proteins, vegetables, or grains. Just like humans with food sensitivities, pets with suspected allergies should try an elimination diet. This process generally takes between two to three months. While you are working on discovering the source of the allergy, you can soothe the itch with a topical solution like Clireon™ Animal Wound and Skin Care gel or spray.

3. Ticks and Fleas

The idea of dogs with fleas is a stereotype, but that doesn’t make it less miserable for your dog. Dogs with ticks and fleas scratch and bite themselves constantly, and ticks and fleas can invade your home, too. Prevention is the best medicine, so stay up to date on your pet's flea and tick medications to help them avoid being affected by these pesky insects. Ignoring fleas and ticks can result in red spots on the dog's skin, and your dog’s fur may even fall out.

4. Mange

Mange is another dog skin condition caused by insects. There are two primary types of mange:

  • Sarcoptic mange, also known as canine scabies, is an extremely itchy skin condition in dogs that is typically located on the ears. Dogs affected by sarcoptic mange may also experience loss of fur on the face and legs.
  • Demodectic mange is like sarcoptic mange, but it normally affects only puppies and senior dogs with underlying health conditions.

5. Folliculitis

Folliculitis is the term for inflamed hair follicles and is unlike the previously mentioned canine skin conditions because it usually results from other skin problems in dogs such as mange or allergies. When folliculitis occurs, the hair follicles become infected, which results in sores, itchy scabs, and bumps on the skin.

6. Ringworm

Dogs with ringworm aren't infected with worms. They are actually suffering from a highly contagious fungal infection that can be passed to humans. It manifests as red circular, crusty patches on the dog's ears, head, paws and front legs. The skin may also be irritated and broken from scratching. You must kill the fungus to prevent it from spreading.

7. Dog Skin Yeast Infection

Yeast thrives in warm, moist, hard-to-reach areas such as between the dog's toes, around the dog’s groin and perineum, and inside the ear canal. An overabundance of yeast can cause the skin to thicken, change color, and develop an unpleasant odor. A dog skin yeast infection will cause your pup to scratch and bite at the infected location. If the infection is in the ears, you may notice your dog pawing at or shaking its head.

8. Lupus

If you notice discoloration or missing fur at the top of the nose along with dog skin problems on the face and paws, your pet may have lupus. This is an autoimmune disease that causes the body to fight itself. A visit to the vet right away is necessary because lupus is a severe illness.

Clireon™ Wound Care Soothes Skin Problems in Dogs

Clireon™ offers an all-natural solution to help you manage your dog skin conditions. Our antibiotic-free solution for dogs and other animals relieves itch and soothes skin irritation and minor wounds.

Clireon™ Animal Wound and Skin Care gel and spray is a safe, non-toxic solution for many canine skin conditions. Clireon™ does not sting or burn and is even safe to use in the eyes, ears, and nose. Let Clireon help you manage your furry friends' wounds and skin irritations - shop Clireon™ today!